Meaning-oriented identity integration psychotherapy 

 Abstract

Meaning-oriented identity integration psychotherapy seeks self-improvement and personal strengthening, allowing the integration of their experiences, finding or recovering, the possibility of updating their own affective forces and recovering in themselves the root of their own psychic potential complete, both cognitive and emotional; expand their own existential field and to guide themselves towards that search for the meaning of life, which is a primary force in every individual (Frankl).

 
Therefore, the proposal of a sense-oriented identity integration psychotherapy brings together well-supported theoretical themes of psychoanalysis and Frankl's Logotherapy, and themes of Berne and other authors, among which I highlight the research carried out by logotherapists from all over the world, whose work is mentioned in my book.

Empirical studies of integrative psychotherapies targeting specific 

populations is the purpose of the APA Journal of Psychotherapy Integration

It primarily publishes original peer-reviewed papers consistent with 

five major pathways associated with psychotherapy integration:

  • common factors (core elements to effective psychotherapy that transcend a specific orientation)
  • technical eclecticism (application of the best treatment for a specific population and problem)
  • theoretical integration (combining two or more theories and their associated techniques)
  • assimilative integration (theoretical grounding in a single orientation with value added techniques drawn from other orientations)
  • unification (meta-theoretical approaches that place theories, techniques, and principles into holistic frameworks)

As Marie Dezelic, wrote in  "Meaning Constructs and Meaning-Oriented Techniques: Clinical Applications of Meaning and Existential Exploration":

"Meaning is a universal concept, yet it does not have a universal, agreed upon definition among the clinical literature. Although all human beings are pulled toward being able to uncover, discover, maintain, and enhance meaning in life, despite difficult aspects of the human condition, we are faced with the task of understanding a person's meaning construct in any given circumstance. A “meaning construct model” is explored as a way of understanding how human beings define and develop meaning constructs. Additionally, clinical interventions of meaning-centered logotherapy and existential analysis, (a therapy with meaning as its central process) are expounded on to offer concrete methods of discovering and enhancing meaning in life, and for an exploration of existence."

The concept of Identity that Erik Erikson (1968) elaborates implies the development of a sense of continuity and consistency or integrity of one's own image and of the recognition of other people who are significant for the individual, which contributes to confirming self-perception and changes. in the image of oneself as seen by others.

Recently O.F Kernberg focuses on explaining identity regarding the concepts of normal identity and identity diffusion as part of psychopathology of personality disorders and their etiology, diagnosis and treatment.

Also O.F Kernberg focuses on explaining identity diffusion as a syndrome in which there is a lack of an integrated identity. Clinically it is represented by a poorly integrated concept of self and significant others. It is reflected in the experience of chronic emptiness, conflicting self-perceptions, conflicting behavior that cannot be integrated in an emotionally meaningful way, and hollow, dull, and impoverished perceptions of others. There is a state of anxiety and weakness of the ego.
This applies well to adults, but is particularly important for adolescents experiencing their crisis within the broader psychosocial context.


Within this evolutionary period of adolescence, there are also representations of social conflicts. That is to say, the formation of identity has a prototypical significance to understand how the game between the psychological and the social takes place.
And so to resolve their crisis, adolescents must overcome within themselves, the effects of this internalized social crisis. A good and solid construction of personal identity and social adaptation will depend on its resolution.

Sàndor Ferenczi, postulates various keys, which link sociology and psychoanalysis both methodologically and diagnostically, seeking that this contribute to research and, above all, to the attenuation of social ills. It points out certain questions that derive from this link and that allow, not only to account for some of the peculiarities of the social environment that produces and sustains the individual psychic fact, but also to have keys for the understanding and explanation of the social as an object of knowledge on which one can intervene with transformative intentionality.
The peculiarities of the social enviroment would create pathogenic conditions that would affect both the individual and intersubjective human relationships. Therefore, it is necessary to understand and explain the social. He explains that when trauma occurs and deep distortion or rupture of interpersonal mutuality, there is a link between traumatized and traumatized. In the very link between interacting subjects, in their identity and in their relationship, there is an institutional impact to consider.
On the other hand, Molla has studied identity and its development process, from the evolutionary theory of Erik Erikson. This author considers that when there is optimal development, social stimulation joins the process of individual development and these two forces that come together and strengthen each other.
Likewise, the conflicts and difficulties of this development are manifested in varying degrees of an identity crisis that ranges from normal to negative and pathological identity.
In those spheres of evolution, we can find that an intimate relationship of social and family influences on individual development prevails.

We believe and work Meaning-oriented identity integration psychotherapy, which is not only applied to young people but to any person who seeks to reorient their affective and existential potentials and rediscover themselves by affirming the value of their life and their personal and social vision. Logotherapy seeks to illuminate the human being without reducing his reality as a being in the world, revaluing the purposes, intentions, feelings and values that exist as a unique being, who lives and feels his existence from within, as reality, and, originally as a living connection and, by making that encounter possible, it is what can illuminate and give meaning to your life.

A happy and meaningful life. 

 

REFERENCES

Marie Dezelic,wrote in  "Meaning Constructs and Meaning-Oriented Techniques: Clinical Applications of Meaning and Existential Exploration" https://doi.org/10.1080/10720537.2015.1119086

Lisa Tsoi Hoshmand. Culture, psychotherapy, and counseling: Critical and integrative perspectives  https://books.google.com.pe/books?hl=es&lr=&id=Hd3ZQ05eI88C&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=Meaning-oriented+identity+integration+psychotherapy&ots=Kf9S19i37M&sig=QfRGRM7mvVH29opESEYczC-uNT4

M.Molla : Identity-Existence in Logotherapy. Meaning Focused Identity Integration Psychotherapy. Compendium of research developed in Spanish-speaking countries.Amazon.Spanish edition.

M.Molla Adolescent Identity, and an Elaboration on a Test of Identity Test http://www.logotherapyresearch.com/red/id3.htm


M.Molla -Identidad del adolescente y sus procesos. Revista de psicoterapia psicoanalítica y salud, 2014 - ISSN-e 1575-6483, Vol. 14, Nº. 1, 2014 https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=7464400

Muriel J. & Jongueward D. (1989) Naty per Vincere , Análisi transazionale con esercizi di gestalt. Ediciones Paulinas, Milán

Otto Kernberg Identity: Recent findings and clinical implications
OF Kernberg - The Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 2006 - Taylor & Francis
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1002/j.2167-4086.2006.tb00065.x

 OF Kernberg Identidad: hallazgos recientes e implicaciones clínicas https://www.fundacioorienta.com https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1002/j.2167-4086.2006.tb00065.x

Otto Kernberg Trastornos Graves de La Personalidad Manual Moderno. 


 

 






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